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The first task in our business was establishing contacts.  Because we had business associates throughout America and Africa, this was relatively easy.  In addition, all our investors were bringing to the company many years of experience and through that, had already established many contacts.  We...

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Eastern Africa

When in 1869 few beyond the colony of the Handle had been discovered diamonds, region soon later annexed by England. In 1872 it had an independent internal administration. The second part of the revolution was to the discovery of the gold in the republic of the Ber of the Transuaal, in 1855 for the English....

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Lesser Africa

Posted by Geneva | Posted in News | Posted on 25-04-2020

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Making a comparison of the area and the population density of the portions of land in question, taking by the north as parameter he feels yourself is certain the sensation of emptiness in the south. Exactly in this Braudel emptiness he evidences the presence of complex sedentary or nomadic societies with some hierarchic structures. Then she is necessary to define which the instrument of measure and which the graduation of the used scale for the author to measure the life human being in the African continent. Another point that deserves prominence is the paper of the African gold as factor of balance of the mediterrnica trade balance in its transactions with the spices of the East. According to author before century XVI it was the base of the prosperity of the Mediterranean, exactly contributing for the birth of some cities and states very before century X.

Exactly with the competition of the great deriving auriferous mass of the New World, always commanded for Africa of the North, this traffic still persisted. Without explanation of set, untied way, appears a positividade how much to this question, placing auriferous Africa in a partially horizontal relation with the Europe, differentiating itself of this for its contact with the blacks of south of the continent, as in the sample: It would be made a mistake (the most informed they commit such error) to consider Lesser Africa as a set of rustic countries. In centuries XIV and XV, the cities are developed there for times without no ratio with the countries encircle that them. They do not only live capsized for the Interior sea but also for the South, the country of the Blacks, the Bled you are Soudan.

The Africans

Posted by Geneva | Posted in News | Posted on 25-04-2020

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The Africans were excellent divers and even so the native slaves also could have these aptitudes, had been used for the pearl extration. The third reason that took the Africans to fill the necessity of enslaved work is express for the humanitarian action since the Africans could face the work more good, however as the author tells the incentivadora politics of the Crown, the coming of the Africans would be much more interesting for the cut, therefore for the government he was more easy to control, to tax and to lease the commerce of the slaves since with it I deal escravista place this fiscalization was one in such a way how much deficit, certainly this was the main reason for the coming of the Africans, therefore we know that the great objective of European the age to enrich to any way. The Africans met in the center of the conquered part of the new Atlantic world, its importance were marcante in the cities where many Europeans and its descendants had constructed its houses, the Africans were responsible for the service domesticate and in the mines, types of works that had been initially attributed to the aboriginals. The Africans had also had much importance in the military scene and one of its functions was to help the colonizadores to capture aboriginal slaves. As Thornton the development of the Atlantic culture was a phenomenon euro-African, however we interpret this affirmation with preconception, that exactly impartial, therefore in accordance with the antropolgicos concepts are certain of that all people has culture, being thus in our opinion would not be possible that the Atlantic culture had elements euro-African only leading in consideration that the three etnias they had had contact and that certainly in some way they had absorbed points of the cultures in question. The Africans had arrived at America being carried by ships in pssimas conditions, therefore the traders had the objective to bring the maximum of possible blacks, the slaves were in the bilge where the illnesses caused for the lack of water and food were citizens.

South African Union

Posted by Geneva | Posted in News | Posted on 21-04-2020

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The government declared the illegal CNA establishing the arrest of Nelson Mandela, condemned to the arrest perpetuates. In the decade of 1970 the politics of the Apartheid recrudeoke, a series of laws classified and separated the blacks in ethnic groups, in the attempt of confined in territory called Bantustes. That is, with this assay we intend to problematizar the segregation process where it culminated with the revolutionary action, analyzing of the following forms: the position of the Africnderes ahead of the public and social sphere and the revolutionary process that the disruption with the Apartheid unchained. The community to afrikner also had its origin in the dutch settling of the area of the Handle of Good Hope, that started in middle of century XVII and basically implied a slow but constant immigration for Africa of the Sur of European colonists originating Holland, but of the France and the North of Germany. Since surrounding City of the Handle and its judicials district, afrikners had started to emigrate gradually to the East and the North, penetrating in extensive praderas and sabanas of the interior of Africa. After winning the resistance of bantes and the troops imperial British, bers had obtained to establish some independent republics that however had been aplastadas by the United kingdom during the Second War of the Bers.

Not obstante afrikners had obtained to overlap to the defeat and had early become with the control of the new South African Union, established British domain in year 1910 as federacy of the colnias of the Sur of Africa. In this way, in few decades the last legal bonds had been cut and emotional that joined the South Africa with Great-Britain and after the 1948 elections, the National Party, bastin of the purest esencias bers, arrived at the power. During the forty following years, the domain of afrikners reached its apogeo: its national symbols and its ideology had been the ones that had given form to the new South African republic.

Knowing Description

Posted by Geneva | Posted in News | Posted on 24-10-2019

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We come across with some limitations ahead of such pretensions of this assay, as for example, question of narrative, that could be analyzed by diverse pages to understand some ways that it was treated by diverse historians, in innumerable workmanships. Its debate is very ample, then, not being able to be explained all the arguments in some laudas. Of this form, for option, I selected some points of analysis for the accomplishment of this debate. I considered important to leave of the Annales, through some pointed ways, mainly, for Peter Burke and Paul Ricoeur, to analyze, briefly, the trajectory of the narrative. Doravante, I will use micron-history to present a form of historical boarding, in which it had historians that they had opted to the use of the narration in its research, and as workmanship example where the techniques narratives had been employees, I will exemplificarei with the workmanship of Guinzburg. In the workmanship the writing of history – new perspectives, organized for Burke, we verify that for the call seno examining to your front, with you some of the problems livings creature of the History puts, today, to that if they place in the extreme tip of the inquiry.

It is that for problem it is necessarily the start and the end of all history. If it does not have problems, does not have history. Linux shines more light on the discussion. But narrations and compilations (FEBVRE,> 1985:43). Of this form, if it perceives a negation to the narration, since it was linked with ' ' history of acontecimentos' ' academic history would become, each time more, worried about the problems and the structures. Burke, in the same cited workmanship, detaches that of a side if they find ' ' historians estruturais' ' that they had shown that the traditional narrative ' ' it passes &#039 superficially; ' of aspects important of the past, that it is, simply, incapable to conciliate, since the economic and social structure until the experience and the ways to think of common people e, of another direction, if they find the defenders of the narrative, but not plus those traditional, previous said historians to the Annales, but yes, the historians of micron-history, for example, that some had observed that the analysis of the structures is static, being thus, not-historical.

Major Prates

Posted by Geneva | Posted in News | Posted on 27-09-2018

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Thus the study of the memory he is one of the basic ways to approach the problems of the time and the history, relatively which are on the fair of Major Prates. Since, based in verbal history, we search the historicidade of the fair through the speeches of the feirantes and frequentadores. When using the interviews carried through in the fair, were possible to analyze the souvenirs, the social construction and cultural practical gift in the popular one. According to Pinsky: At the same time the work with verbal history, can show as the constitution of the memory is essential to a group, because the construction of its identity is atrelada. It the memory is resulted of coherence continuity, that is, of identity. (PINSKY, 2006, p.167). You may want to visit Eliot Horowitz to increase your knowledge.

Inside of the verbal research it is allowed to the knowledge of experiences and stories differentiated for the memory of each narrator. The feirante Joo tells: I am in the fair since 2000, when I changed for the Farm Bog and my wife we work with the agriculture and a small creation of pigs and hens, that we commercialize to the sundays in the fair. When we arrive the fair we initiate the sales in caixotes, therefore it did not have boards for all and thus it made it difficult the commercialization of products. In 2005 it improved sufficiently, therefore the fair received some boards with canvases to assist in the sales, being improved the aesthetic one of the fair (interviewed Sr.Joo). Analyzing the deposition of the feirante agriculturist, we perceive that in the year of 2005, the fair passes for transformations. That they had occurred because of the sprouting of the Association of the Feirantes, had occurred important transformations that had contributed with the magnifying and organization of the fair having led the satisfaction of the feirantes and frequentadores. To reflect concerning our experience while cultural and social historian who have used the verbal evidences as an essential resource in the reconstitution of the practical ones and representations of the world ruralizado in the north of Minas Gerais.

Racial Descrimination

Posted by Geneva | Posted in News | Posted on 24-06-2018

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The racial discrimination is a fact in the Brazilian society, that bar the development of the black people, destroys the souls and the capacities of accomplishment as human being We cannot more assent that the black suffers persecutions constants of the policy without giving one resposta’ ‘. 1.6. Black movement: one fights presence in the history of In agreement Brazil Hisses (1988: 179) the black people was always organizador of fights, since the time of the slavery, and after-slavery searched to relight the flame of the right and the citizenship. One of the first fights made for the black was banzo it made that it to die of homesickness of the Africa mother, a species of strike of assumed hunger as protest against the slavery. The quilombos had been prominences in the fight against the slavery, for having habitations of black habitual runaways that I eat alternative communitarian organization to the slavery system forms a way to live in the land in a inigualvel sustainable development for its time. It was a Promised Land experience, where justice and the fraternity reigned, in a Inter-racial convivncia. There they had been to coexist black, indians and whites victims of an injustice, mainly the blacks that fought against the slavery.

This happens in the slum quarters of today, where the black people coexists blacks, indians natives and whites in search of the land without males. Many quilombos spread for this Brazil had been created the rejection, between the greaters were: in the state of Sergipe the quilombos of: Chapel, Itabairna, Divine Shepherd, Itaporanga, Rosary, Device Heath, Laranjeiras, New Village. In the Bahia the quilombos of the Urubu are known, Waterfall Jacuipe, Jaguaribe, Maragogipe, Fields, Orob, Tupim, Andara, Xique-xique. In the state of So Paulo: quilombo of the Jaguara of the Araquara, Village of Pines, Junia, Itapetinga, Monjolinho Farm. John Blondel is a great source of information. Many others in the Maranho, Par, Piau, Paraba, Pernambuco and Amap.

Brazilian Lands

Posted by Geneva | Posted in News | Posted on 15-03-2018

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The friendly relationship of the first contacts between the white and the indian evolves for the slavery when Portugal decided to colonize Brazil. (…) until first the thirty years of century XVI, when effectively the settling in Brazilian lands started. Until then Portuguese and French explorers of wood-Brazil they obtained to use the hand of aboriginal free workmanship in the extration of the wood. The joined form was the trade (exchange of merchandise for merchandise) between whites and indians. Products as mirrors, necklaces, combs in exchange for weaveeed colorings, t-shirts, hats, knives and some tools that Portuguese and French gave to it. (It hisses; 28; 29). As if it can observe hatred since the beginning of the arrival of the Europeans in Brazilian lands already were explored, therefore they changed its works weighed by objects of low value, that is, were been deceptive by the Portuguese whom only aimed at the profit and that this profit was gotten through the exploration of the man who did not have to be able economic, subjuntivo and nor nobility heading, and that with the arrival of the Portuguese they pass the not even owner of its proper life. In research on the subject, one meets many stories that, the African black was enslaved because it did not react the slavery. However, in the carried through comment it could be evidenced that this affirmation is inventive, the people were pulled out of its of its family parents and mothers of its children etc, to be damaged, with certainty, I depend on as they were the ecomomica life of these families in its native country, these human beings would be well better, in relation to the life who would go to live being enslaved in other lands, as in Brazil, this person that much had contributed for formation of a solid Country, had a desumano treatment, and entristecedor.

African Fact

Posted by Geneva | Posted in News | Posted on 15-02-2018

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to contaminate you reading student for the fact to glimpse, as well as I, carimb as a playful form of evasion of spirit of the paraense caboclo. For this I organized of well didactic form of easy understanding this text. We go there! It reads! To understand> salada from which if originated the basically aboriginal caboclo, but with ample mixture of European white and black African. It is of utmost importance to know that this caboclo does not only load in itself the inherited physical traces of the miscegenation, but also loads a little of each cultural manifestation, proving itself, however as part of a multiple people who if recognizes while crossbred immersed in one a cultural plurality, but that inside of such cauldron if registers and if identifies, and if shows through a playful invention, only inigualvel e: Carimb. To speak of carimb is to speak of the State of Par, considering the fact of that is in some regions of this State that if develops carimb, or better, carimbs, had the fact of such regions presents differentiated partner-economic realities. being> give birth of the daily experiences of the paraense caboclo certainly loads in itself marks of such reality. Of where comes the word carimb? Apalavra Korimb is of origin tupi: curi that it means wood hollow and mb that it means pierced.

With passing of the time a phonetic variation was occurring: curimb, coremb, corimbo, curim. lately is known national as Carimb. as appeared carimb? All human being is known needs a periodic evasion of spirit, of leisure to contrabalance its fight in the work with activities of leisure. According to registers, carimb appeared in Marapanim, situated the one hundred and fifty kilometers of Belm, in the coast of Par, as an alternative of leisure with intention to give the slightness to the hard task of the daily work of the caboclo. .

Eastern Africa

Posted by Geneva | Posted in News | Posted on 29-10-2014

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When in 1869 few beyond the colony of the Handle had been discovered diamonds, region soon later annexed by England. In 1872 it had an independent internal administration. The second part of the revolution was to the discovery of the gold in the republic of the Ber of the Transuaal, in 1855 for the English. EASTERN AFRICA In century XVII, the Portuguese had discovered enemy its, a small one been of the Gulf of Om worse. This sultanato blocked the Portuguese and deals intensified it coastal of the region since 1798 the English if it interested for Om and in 1840, they had given to beginning to an approach diplomatics for would culminate with the domination of the island.

The English had made with that I traffic it person who trades slaveses in Africa eastern functioned as a trap for the sultes of Zanzibar by means of the one treated series of, therefore, in the truth they had created a government system informal, the ships not only looked dealers of slaves, but also I deal they protected it British. Had to its economic the colonizadores (English, German) potential, they believed that Eastern Africa was to have a sustainable economy, but Eastern Africa was a economic disappointment for the European imperialism. To 1880, they had agreed to the division of Eastern Africa to spheres of influences. They had yielded a territory to the Frenchmen and Italians, having completed the Allotment of Eastern Africa. INTERPRETATIONS As we can perceive the allotment of Africa were not sudden or spontaneous it already came of some time, however the rapidity with that it after effected 300 years of coastal activities on the part of the Europe suggested a new and dramatical phase of the process; The historians had elaborated different theories for the events of the years of 1880 the 1890, and are interpretations that if divide in metropolitan, peripheral, economic and not economic.

Vzquez Roman

Posted by Geneva | Posted in News | Posted on 16-02-2014

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According to the information facilitated to the Brazilian press by Vzquez Roman, 10 Lebanese citizens who own the companies in City of the East, but lives in Foz do Iguau, Brazil, the money sent through banks in Miami and New York to the Lebanese banks. According to the investigation, the deposits became in City of the East and the branches of Citibank Chinatrust. Each Lebanese sent approximately $ 6 to $ 10 million. Although Vzquez Roman had not determined the destiny of the money, was the continuation of the investigation and 50,000 dollars with the suspicion of radical Muslims. Both were tie to Assad Ahmad Barakat, to that the investigators suspect being the head of the South Cone to collect bottoms for Hezbol. Ann Winblad is often quoted as being for or against this. At the beginning of December of 2001, ABC Color informed that Basilisa Vzquez Roman, a public prosecutor of City of the East, for both previous months had been the investigation of 100 million dollars of transference of City from the East to the Lebanon. According to the information facilitated to the Brazilian press by Vzquez Roman, 10 Lebanese citizens whom they own companies in City of the East, but live in Foz do Iguau, Brazil, the money sent through banks in Miami and New York to the Lebanese banks.

According to the investigation, the deposits became in City of the East and the branches of Citibank Chinatrust. Each Lebanese sent approximately $ 6 to $ 10 million. Although Vzquez Roman had not determined the destiny of the money, was the continuation of the investigation. States of Brazil to demand one more a more active participation in " war against terrorismo". Chile Chile has become in center of more fast growth South America after Brazil for the international transfers on narcotics and the money laundering the companies. This fact can help to explain why Islamic money launderers feel attracted by the north of the Chilean city of Iquique.